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Christiana and her children. 









No. 821 Chestnut Street. 

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the 

year I860, by 


in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the 

Eastern District of Pennsylvania. 

S. D. Wybth, Stereotyper. 


This little book, Christiana and 
her Children, has been prepared 
as a companion volnme to ' ' The 
Child's Pilgrim's Progress, Part 

A mother leading her children 
through a sinful world up towards 
Mount Zion presents a picture of 
touching interest. Our great lim- 
ner here shows it to us in hallow- 
ed light reflected from the word 
of God. 

Christiana's companion Mercy, 
aiding and comforting her — and, 


"unspotted from the world," 
walking by her side along the 
Way of Salvation, is most beauti- 
ful in conception. As we gaze 
upon her thus, — in robes of white, 
treading the world beneath her 
feet, her face turned heavenward, 
— an angel visitant seems, un- 
wares, to steal upon our sight, and 
fix a dwelling place within our 

s. d. w. 




To tell my dream some time 
since, of Christian the Pilgrim, 
and of his dangerous journey to- 
wards the Celestial country, was 
pleasant to me, and I trust profit- 
able to you. I told you then also 
concerning his wife and children, 
and how unwilling they were to 
go with him on pilgrimage ; so 
that he was forced to go without 

Now it hath so happened, that 
I have been much hindered and 


kept back from my wonted travels, 
and could not, till now, make fur- 
ther inquiry after those he left 
behind. But, having had some 
concerns that way of late, I went 
down again thitherwards, and 
taking up my lodging in a wood 
about a mile off the place, as 
as I slept, I dreamed again. 

And in my dream, behold, an 
aged gentleman came by where I 
lay ; and methought I got up 
and went with him. So, as we 
walked, our talk happened to be 
about Christian and his travels. 

Sir, said I, what town is that 
there below, that lieth on the 
left hand of our way ? 

Then said Mr. Sagacity, for that 
was his name, It is the city of 


Destruction, a populous place, 
but possessed with a very ill-cou- 
ditioned and idle sort of people. 

I thought that was that city, 
quoth I : I went once through 
that town ; and know something 
about it. Pray, sir, did you ever 
hear what happened to a man 
some time ago of this town, whose 
name was Christian, that went on 
a pilgrimage up towards the higher 
regions ? 

Sag. Hear of him ! Aye, and I 
also heard of all he met with on 
his journey. Besides, I must tell 
you, our country rings of him ; 
there are but few but have got the 
records of his pilgrimage. For 
though when here he was fool in 
every man's mouth, yet now he 


is gone, he is highly commended. 
'Tis said he lives bravely where he 
is : yea, many of them that are 
resolved never to run his hazards, 
have their months water at his 

They may, quoth I, well think, 
that he liveth well where he is ; 
for he now lives at, and in the 
Fountain of life. But, pray what 
talk have the people about him ? 

Sag. Talk! the people talk 
strangely about him: some say 
he now walks in white ; that he 
has a chain of gold about his neck ; 
that he has a crown of gold, set 
with pearls, upon his head: others 
say, that the shining ones, who 
sometimes showed themselves to 
him in his journey, are become 


his companions. Besides, that 
the King of the place where he is 
has bestowed upon him a very 
rich and pleasant dwelling, and 
that He every day eateth and 
drinketh and walketh and talketh. 
with him. 

I am glad on't ; qnoth I : I am 
glad for the poor man's sake, for 
that now he has rest from his labor. 
I also am glad that these things 
are noised abroad, for it may work 
a good effect on some left behind. 
But pray, sir, while it is fresh in 
my mind, do you hear any thing 
of his wife and children ? 

Sag. Who ? Christiana and her 
sens ? They are like to do as well 
as Christian did himself; for 
though at first they would not be 


persuaded by tears or entreaties of 
Christian, yet on second thoughts 
they have packed up, and are gone 
after him. 

Better and better, quoth I : but 
what, wife and children, and all ? 

Sag. It is true : I was upon the 
spot at the time and know the 
the whole affair. And as we are 
going some considerable way to- 
gether, I will give an account of 
the matter. 

This Christiana — for that was 
her name from the day that she 
with her children betook them- 
selves to a pilgrim's life — after her 
husband was gone over the river, 
and she could hear of him no 
more, began to be in distress. 
First she had lost her husband : 



this, therefore, did cost her many 
a tear. But this was not all ; for 
upon this came into her mind, by- 
swarms, all her unkind, and un- 
godly treatment of her dear friend. 
She was, moreover, much broken 
with recalling to remembrance 
his tears, and self-bemoanings, 
and how she did harden her heart 
against his entreaties to go with 
him ; yea, there was not any thing 
that Christian either said, or did, 
while that heavy burden did 
hang on his back, but it returned 
like a flash of lightning, and rent 
her heart in sunder ; especially 
that bitter outcry of his, " What 
shall I do to be saved ?" did ring 
in her ears most dolefully. 
Then said she to her children, 


11 Sons, we are all undone. I 
have sinned away your father, 
and he is gone : he would have 
had us with him, but I would not 
go myself: I also have hindered 
you of life." 

With that the boys fell into 
tears, and cried out to go after 
their father. "Oh," said Chris- 
tiana, ' ' that it had been but our 
lot to go with him ; then had it 
fared well with us beyond what it 
is like to do now." 

Then they all wept again, and 
cried out, in sorrow of heart. 

The next night Christiana had a 
dream ; and behold, she saw as 
if a broad parchment was opened 
in which were recorded the sins 
of her life ; and her guilt as 


she thought, looked very black 
upon her. Then she cried out 
aloud in her sleep, "Lord, have 
mercy upon me a sinner!" and 
the little children heard her. 

After this she thought she saw 
two very ill-looking ones standing 
by her bedside, and saving, 

• • What shall we do to this wo- 
man, for she cries out for mercy, 
waking and sleeping ? if she be suf- 
fered to go on as she begins, we 
shall lose her as we have lost her 
husband. Wherefore we must, by 
one way or other, seek to take her 
off from the thoughts of what 
shall be hereafter, else all the 
world cannot help but she will be- 
come a pilgrim." 

Now she awoke trembling, but 


after a while she fell asleep again. 
And then she thought she saw 
Christian, her husband, in a place 
of bliss with a harp in his hand, 
standing before One that sat on a 
throne with a rainbow about his 
head. She saw also, as if he 
bowed his head with his face to 
the paved work that was under 
his Prince's feet, saying, "I 
heartily thank my Lord and King 
for bringing me into this place." 

Then shouted a company of 
them that stood round about, and 
harped with their harps ; but no 
man living could tell what they 
said but Christian and his com- 

Next morning, when she was 
up, had prayed to God, and talked 


with her children a while, one 
knocked hard at the door ; to 
whom she spoke out, saying, 

" If thou comes t in God's name, 
come in. 

So he said, ' ' Amen ; ' ■ and 
opened the door, and saluted her 
with, " Peace be to this house." 

Which when he had done, 
he said, " Christiana, knowest 
thou wherefore I am come ?" 

Then she blushed and trembled ; 
also her heart began to wax warm 
with desires to know from whence 
he came, and what was his errand 
to her. 

So he said unto her, ' ' My name 
is Secret ; I dwell with those that 
are on high. It is talked of where 
I dwell as if thou hadst a desire 


to go thither : also there is a re- 
port that thou art aware of the 
evil thou hast formerly done to thy 
husband, in hardening of thy 
heart against his way, and in 
keeping of these babes in their 
ignorance. Christiana, the Merci- 
ful One hath sent me to tell thee, 
that he is a God ready to forgive, 
and that he taketh delight to 
multiply the pardon of offences. 
He also would have thee to know, 
that he inviteth thee to come into 
his presence, to his table, and that 
he will feed thee with the fat of 
his house, and with the heritage 
of Jacob thy father. 

" There is Christian, thy hus- 
band that was, with legions more, 
his companions, ever beholding 


The Letter. 


that face that doth minister life 
to beholders, and they will all be 
glad when they shall hear the 
sound of thy feet step over thy 
Father's threshold." 

Christiana at this was greatly 
abashed in herself, and bowed 
her head to the ground. 

This visitor proceeded, and said, 

" Christiana, here is also a letter 
for thee, which I have brought 
from thy husband's King." 

So she took it, and opened it, 
but it smelt after the manner of 
the best perfume. Also it was 
written in letters of gold. The 
contents of the letter were these, 
That the King would have her to 
do as did Christian her husband ; 
for that was the way to come to 


his city, and to dwell in his pre- 
sence with joy for ever. 

At this the good woman was 
quite overcome ; so she cried out 
to her visitor, 

i i Sir, will you carry me and my 
children with you, that we also 
may go and worship the King ?" 

Then said the visitor, 

1 1 Christiana, the bitter is before 
the sweet. Thou must pass 
through troubles, as did he that 
went before thee, to enter this 
Celestial city. Wherefore I advise 
thee to do as did Christian thy hus- 
band. Go to the Wicket-gate yon- 
der, over the plain, for that stands 
at the head of the way, up which 
thou must go ; and I wish thee all 
good speed. Also I advise that thou 


put this letter in thy bosom, that 
thou read therein to thyself and to 
thy children until you have got it 
by heart : for it is one of the songs 
which thou must sing while thou 
art in this house of thy pilgrim- 
age. Also this thou must deliver 
in at the further gate." 

Now I saw in my dream, that 
this old gentleman, as he told me 
the story, did himself seem to be 
greatly affected therewith. He 
moreover proceeded and said, 

So Christiana called her sons 
together and told them all that 
was upon her mind, and of the 
desire that was in her heart. 

1 ■ Come, my children, ' ' said she, 
"let us pack up, and be gone to 
the gate that leads to the Celestial 


Country, that we may join your 
father, and his companions in that 
blessed land " 

Then did her children burst out 
into tears, for joy that the heart 
of their mother was so inclined. 
So their visitor bid them farewell ; 
and they began to prepare to set 
out upon their journey. 

But while they were thus en- 
gaged, two women that were 
Christiana's neighbors knocked 
at her door. To whom she said, 

"If you come in God's name, 
come in.*' 

At this the women were stunned, 
for this kind of language used 
not to drop from the lips of Chris- 
tiana. Yet they came in : and 
found her preparing to be gone. 


So they began, and said. 

" Neighbor, pray what is your 
meaning by this?" 

Christiana answered, and said 
to the eldest, whose name was 
Mrs. Timorous, 

1 ' I am preparing for a journey. ' ' 

This Timorous was daughter to 
him that met Christian upon the 
hill of Difficulty, and would have 
him go back, for fear of the lions. 

Tim. " For what journey, I pray 

Chr. " Even to go after my good 
husband." And with that she fell 
a weeping. 

Then Mrs. Timorous began to 
persuade Christiana against her 
journey, and told her of all sorts 
of danger that would befall her 


and her children if she went. But 
it was to no purpose. 

Then Timorous reviled her, and 
said to her fellow, 

" Come, neighbor Mercy, let us 
leave her, since she scorns our 
counsel and company." 

But Mercy was at a stand, and 
that for a twofold reason : — 

1. Her yearnings over Chris- 
tiana. So she said within herself, 
If my neighbor needs be gone, I 
will go a little way with her. 

2. Her yearnings over her own 
soul ; for what Christiana had 
said had taken some hold upon 
her mind. Wherefore she said 
within herself again, I will yet 
have more talk with Christiana ; 
and if I find truth and life in what 


she shall say, I shall also go with 

Wherefore Mercy began thus to 
reply to her neighbor Timorous : 

11 Neighbor, I did indeed come 
with you to see Christiana this 
morning ; and, since she is taking 
her last farewell of the country, 
I think to walk this sunshiny 
morning a little with her to help 
her on her way, ' ' 

But she told her not of her 
second reason, but kept it to her- 

So Mrs. Timorous returned angry 
to her house, and Christiana be- 
took herself to her journey. 

But when Timorous was got 
home, she sends for some of her 
neighbors, to wit, Mrs. Bat's-Eyes 


Mrs. Inconsiderate, Mrs. Light- 
mind, and Mrs. Know-Nothing. 
So when they were come to her 
house, she falls to telling of the 
story of Christiana, and of her 
intended journey. 

These woman then said many 
unkind and unlovely things about 
Christiana and her resolve : — but 
such is the habit of the dwellers 
in the town of Destruction, when 
any of their number leave them 
and start on pilgrimage. 

By this time Christiana and her 
children were gotten on their way, 
and Mercy went along : so as they 
went Christiana said, i { Mercy, I 
take this as an unexpected favor, 
that thou shouldest accompany 
me a little in the way." 


Then said young Mercy, for she 
was but young, u If I thought it 
would be to purpose to go with 
you, I would never go near the 
town any more." 

' ; Well, Mercy," said Christiana, 
"cast in thy lot with me. The 
King, who hath sent for me and 
my children, is one that delighteth 
in mercy. If thou wilt, I will 
hire thee, yet we will have all 
tilings in common ; only go along 
with me. 

Mer. " But how shall I be cer- 
tain I shall be entertained ? Had 
I this hope from one that can tell, 
I would go, being helped by Him 
that can help, though the way 
was never so tedious." 

Chr. "I will tell thee what 


thou shalt do : go with me to the 
Wicket-gate, and if there thou 
shalt not meet with encourage- 
ment, I will be content that thou 
again return. 

Mer. ' ' Then will I go thither, 
and will take what shall follow. 
The Lord grant that the King of 
heaven shall have his heart upon 

Then was Christiana glad, not 
only that she had a companion, 
but that she had prevailed with 
this poor maid to fall in love with 
her own salvation. So they went 
on together, and Mercy began to 

Then said Christiana, 

" Wherefore weepeth my sister 


1 ' Alas," said she, "who can 
but lament, that thinks of the sad 
condition my relations are in, that 
remain in our sinful town ? They 
have no instructor, nor any to tell 
them what is to come." 

Chr. " Pity becomes pilgrims; 
and thou dost weep for thy friends 
as good Christian did for me. I 
hope, Mercy, that these tears of 
thine will not be lost. ' ' 

Then said Mercy, 

" Let the most blessed be my guide, 

If it be his blessed will, 
Unto his gate, into his fold, 

Up to his holy hill. 

And let him never suffer mo 

To swerve, or turn aside 
From his free grace and holy ways. 

Whato'er shall me betide. 


And let him gather them of mine 

That I have left behind ; 
Lord, make them pray they may be thine 
With all their heart and mind." 

Now my old friend proceeded, 
and said, When Christiana and 
her sons came to the Slough of 
Despond, they made a stand. But 
Mercy said, 

1 ' Come let us venture ; only 
let us be wary." 

Then they looked well to their 
steps, and made a shift to get 
staggering over. Yet Christiana 
had like to have been in, and that 
not once or twice. 

Now they had no sooner got 
over, but they thought they heard 
words that said unto them, 
1 i Blessed is she that believeth; 


for there shall be a performance 
of those things which were told 
her from the Lord." 

Then they went on again ; and 
Mercy said to Christiana, 

" Had I as good ground to hope 
for a loving reception at the wick- 
et-gate as you, I think no Slough 
of Despond would discourage 

" Well," said the other, "you 
know your trouble, and I know 
mine, and, good friend, we shall all 
have enough evil before we come to 
our journey's end." 

And now Mr. Sagacity left me to 
dream out my dream by myself. 

Wherefore, me thought I saw 
Christiana and Mercy, and the 
boys, go all of them up to the 


gate. And Christiana, being the 
eldest, began to knock, and 
knock, and knocked again. But 
instead of any that answered, a 
great dog came barking upon 
them ; and this made the women 
and children afraid; nor durst 
they for a while to knock any 
more, for fear the mastiff should 
fly upon them. 

Now, therefore, they were 
greatly troubled, and knew not 
what to do. At last they re- 
solved to knock again, and 
knocked more vehemently than 
at first. 

Then said the keeper of the gate, 

" Who is there?" 

So the dog left off to bark, and 
he opened unto them. 


Then Christiana made low 
obeisance, and said, 

"Let not our Lord be offended 
with his hand-maidens, for that 
we have knocked at his princely 

Then said the keeper, 

• ■ Whence come ye ? And what 
is it that you would have?" 

Christiana answered, 

" We are come from whence 
Christian did come, and upon the 
same errand. And I, my Lord, am 
Christiana, once the wife of Chris- 
tian, that now is gotten above." 

With that the keeper of the gate 
did marvel, saying, 

• ' What, is she now become a 
pilgrim, that but a while ago ab- 
horred that life ?" 


Then she bowed her head, and 

"Yea; and so are these my 
sweet babes also," 

Then he took her by the hand 
and led her in. and said also. 

• ; Surfer the little children to come 
unto me;" and with that he 
shut to the gate. 

This done, he called to a trum- 
fchat was above, over the gate 
to entertain Christiana with shou- 
ting, and the sound of trumpet. 
for joy. So he obeyed, and soun- 
ded, and rilled the air with his 
melodious notes. 

>'ow all this while poor Mercy 
did stand without, trembling. But 
when Christiana had got admit- 
tance for herself and her bovs, then 


she began to make intercession for 

And she said, "My Lord, I have 
a companion that stands without. 
She is much dejected for she comes 
as she thinks, without sending for, 
whereas I was sent for by my hus- 
band' s King to come." 

Now Mercy began to be very 
impatient, and she knocked at the 
gate so loud that she made Chris- 
tiana start. 

Then said the keeper of the 

"Who is there?" 

And Christiana said, 

"It is my friend." 

So he opened the gate and look- 
ed out, but Mercy was fallen 
down without in a swoon. 


Then he took her by the hand, 
and said, 

1 ' Damsel, I bid thee arise. Fear 
not, but stand upon thy feet, and 
tell me wherefore thou art come.' ' 

Mer. " I am come for that unto 
which I was never invited, as my 
friend Christiana was . Wherefore I 
fear I presume with her. If there 
is grace and forgiveness of sins to 
spare, I beseech thy poor hand- 
maid may be a partaker thereof." 

Then he took her again by the 
hand, and led her gently in, and 
said, " I pray for all them that 
believe on me, by what means so- 
ever they come unto me." 

Then said he to those that stood 


"Fetch something and give it 


to Mercy to smell, thereby to stay 
her faintings;" so they fetched 
her a bundle of myrrh, and a 
while after she was revived. 

And now were Christiana and 
her boys, and Mercy, received of 
the Lord at the head of the way, 
and spoken kindly unto by him. 

Ho also took them up to the top 
of the gate, and showed them by 
what deed they were saved ; and 
told them that that sight they 
would have again as they went 
along in the way, to their comfort. 

So he left them a while in a 
summer parlor below, where they 
entered into some talk by them- 
selves ; and thus Christiana began, 

1 ' how glad am I that we are 
got in hither I" 


Mer. u So you well may ; but I 
of all, have cause to leap for 

They theu told each other of 
the fears they had of being turned 
away from the gate before it was 
opened to them ; and also how 
alarmed they were at the barking 
of the dog. Then Mercy said she 
would ask the good Keeper the 
next time he came down why he 
kept such a cur in his yard. 

"Do so, " said the children, 
1 ' and persuade him to hang him ; 
for we are afraid he will bite us 
when we go hence." 

So at last he came down to them 
again, and Mercy fell to the ground 
on her face before him, and wor- 


So he said unto her, "Peace be 
to thee ; stand up." 

But she continued upon her 
face, and said, "* Righteous art 
thou, Lord, when I plead with 
thee ; yet let me talk with thee 
of thy judgments.' Wherefore 
dost thou keep so cruel a dog in 
thy yard, at the sight of which, 
women and children are ready to 
fly from thy gate for fear ? ' ' 

He answered and said, ' ' That 
dog has another owner ; and is 
kept in another man' s ground. My 
pilgrims hear only his barking ; 
he belongs to the castle there at a 
distance, and has frightened many 
a pilgrim. Indeed, he that owneth 
him doth keep him to prevent pil- 
grims from coming to me. Some- 


times lie has broken out, and 
worried some that I loved ; but I 
also give my pilgrims timely help, 
so that they are not delivered to 
his power. But, my purchased 
one, the beggars that go from 
door to door, will rather than lose 
a supposed alms, run the hazard 
of a dog ; and shall a dog keep 
any from coming to me ? I deliver 
them from the lions, and my dar- 
ling from the power of the dog." 

Then said Mercy, 

"I confess my ignorance; I 
spoke what I understood not ; I 
acknowledge that thou doest all 
things well." 

Then Christiana began to talk of 
their journey, and to inquire after 
the way. So he fed them, and 


washed their feet, and set them 
in the way, according as he had 
dealt with her husband before. 

So I saw in my dream, that 
they walked on their way, and 
had the weather very comfortable 
to them. 

Now there was on the other side 
of the wall that fenced in the way, 
a garden, that belonged to him 
who owned the dog. And some of 
the fruit-trees shot their branches 
over the wall. Christiana's boys, 
as boys are apt to do, being pleased 
with the fruit thereon, did pluck 
of them, and began to eat. Their 
mother did also chide them for so 
doing, but still the boys went on. 

" Well, " said she, " my sons, 
you transgress, for that fruit is 


none of ours;" but she did not 
know that it belonged to the en- 
emy. I'll warrant you, if she had, 
she would have been ready to die 
for fear. But that passed, and 
they went on their way. 

Now, by that they were gone 
about two bow-shots from the 
place that led them into the way, 
they espied two very ill-favored 
ones coming down apace to meet 
them. With that, Christiana and 
Mercy covered themselves with 
their veils, and so kept on their 
journey : the children also went 
on before ; so that at last they met 

Then these two ill-favored ones 
made as though they would 
embrace Christiana and Mercy. 



Th oy. filled with fear, shrieked 
out. Murder ! Murder ! The chil- 
dren also stood by crying. 

Now they being not far from 
the gate their cry was heard : 
wherefore some of the house came 
out, and knowing that it was 
Christiana's voice, made haste to 
their relief. Then did the ruf- 
fians make their escape over the 
wall into the garden ; so the dog 
became their protector. This Re- 
liever then came up to the wo- 
men, and asked them how they did. 

So, after a few more words, he 
paid as followeth : 

"I marvelled much, when you 
were entertained at the gate, that 
you petitioned not the Lord for a 
conductor. ' ' 


11 Alas," said Christiana, " we 
were so taken with our present 
blessing, that dangers to come 
were forgotten by ns. Shall we 
go back again to my Lord, and 
confess our folly, and ask one ?" 
" To go back again, you need not, 
for in every one of my Lord' s lodg- 
ings, there is sufficient to furnish 
pilgrims against all attempts 
whatsoever. But, as I said, ' He 
will be inquired of by them, to do 
it for them.'" 

When he had thus said, he 
went back to his place, and the 
pilgrims went on their way. 

Then said Mercy, 

" What a sudden blank is here ! 
I thought we had been past all 


"Thy innocency, my sister,' ' 
said Christiana to Mercy, "may 
excuse thee ; but my fault is so 
much the greater, for that I saw 
this danger before I came. I am 
much to be blamed. ' ' 

Then she told Mercy of her 
dream of the two ill-favored ones 
and said it should have taught 
her to take heed, and have pro- 
vided when provision might have 
been had. 

Thus as they talked away a little 
more time, they drew near to the 
house of the Interpreter ; and 
when they came to the door, they 
heard, as they thought, Christiana 
mentioned by name ; therefore 
they stood still for a while. At 
last Christiana knocked. Then 


there came to the door a young 
damsel, who asked, 

" With whom would you speak 
in this place?" 

Christiana answered, 

* ' We understand this is a privi- 
leged place for pilgrims, and we are 
such : wherefore we pray that we 
may be partakers of that for which 
we are come ; the day, as thou 
seest, is very far sjient, and we 
are loath to-night to go any fur- 

Dam. " Pray, what may I call 
your name, that I may tell it to 
my Lord within ?" 

" My name is Christiana ; I was 
the wife of that pilgrim that some 
years ago did travel this way, and 
these be his four children. This 


maiden also is my companion, and 
is going on pilgrimage too." 

Then Innocent, for that was her 
name, ran in, and said to those 

" Can you think who is at the 
door ? There is Christiana and 
her children, and her companion, 
all waiting for entertainment 

Then they leaped for joy, and 
went and told their master. 

So he came to the door, and 
looking upon her, he said, 

1 'Art thou Christiana? whom 
Christian the good man left behind 
him when he betook himself to a 
pilgrim's life ?" 

Chr. "lam that woman that 
was so hard-hearted and these are 


his four children ; but now I also 
am come," 

Inter, ' ' But why standest thou 
thus at the door ? Come in, thou 
daughter of Abraham. Come, 
children, come in ; come, maiden, 
come in." 

So he took them all into the 

Then were they bidden to sit 
down and rest. They of the house 
all smiled for joy that Christiana 
was become a pilgrim. They 
looked well pleased upon the boys, 
and took them kindly by the hand 
and also behaved lovingly to 

After a while, because supper 
was not ready, the Interpreter 
took them into his Significant 



The man with a muck-rake. 


Rooms, and showed them what 
Christian, Christiana's husband 
had seen some time before. 

This done, and after those 
things had been somewhat digest- 
ed, the Interpreter takes them 
again into a room where was a man 
that could look no way but down- 
wards, with a muck-rake in his 
hand. There stood also one over 
his head with a celestial crown in 
his hand, and proffered him that 
crown for his muck-rake ; but the 
man did neither look up nor re- 
gard, but raked to himself the 
straws, the small sticks, and dust 
of the floor. 

Then said Christiana, ' ' I per- 
suade myself that I know some- 
what the meaning of this ; for 


this is the figure of a man of this 
world : is it not, good sir ?" 

"Thou hast said right," said 
he ; "and his muck-rake doth 
show his carnal mind. Straws 
and sticks and dust, with most, are 
the great things looked after." 

With that Christiana and Mercy 
wept, and said, 

" It is, alas, too true." 

The Interpreter then showed 
them into the very best room in 
the house and bade them look 
round and see if they could find 
any thing profitable there. 

Then they looked round and 
round ; for there was nothing to 
be seen but a very great spider on 
the wall, and that they over- 


Then said Mercy, 

" Sir, I see nothing;" bnt 
Christiana held her peace. 

"But," said the Interpreter, 
"look again." 

She therefore looked again, and 

* ' Here is not any thing but an 
ugly spider, who hangs by the 
hands upon the wall." 

Then again said he, 

' * Is there but one spider in all 
this spacious room?" 

Then the water stood in Chris- 
tiana's eyes, for she was quick of 
apprehension ; and she said, 

1 ' Yea Lord, there are more here 
than one ; yea, and spiders whose 
venom is far more destructive 
than that which is in her. ' ' 


The Interpreter then looked 
pleasantly on her, and said, 
"Thou hast said the truth." 
This made Mercy to blush, and 
the boys to cover their faces ; for 
they all began now to understand 
the riddle. 

Then said the Interpreter again, 
' ' ; The spider taketh hold with 
her hands, ' as you see, ' and is in 
kings' palaces.' And wherefore 
is this recorded, but to show you 
that how full of the venom of sin 
soever you be, yet you may, by 
the hand of faith, lay hold of and 
dwell in the best room that belongs 
to the King's house above ?" 

He took them then into another 
room where were a hen and chick- 
ens, and bid them observe a while. 


So one of the chickens went to the 
trough to drink, and every time 
she drank she lifted up her head 
and her eyes towards heaven. 

"See," said he, "what this 
little chick doth, and learn of her 
to acknowledge whence your mer- 
cies come by receiving them with 
looking up." 

Then said Christiana, ' ' Pray, 
sir, let us see some more." 

So he led them into the slaugh- 
ter-house, where was a butcher 
killing a sheep ; and behold, the 
sheep was quiet, and took her 
death patiently. 

Then said the Interpreter, 

' ■ You must learn of this sheep 
to suffer, and to put up with 
wrongs without murmurings and 


complaints. Behold how quietly 
she takes her death, and without 
objecting, she suffereth her skin 
to be pulled over her ears. Your 
Kiug doth call you his sheep." 

After this he led them into his 
garden, where was a great variety 
of flowers ; and he said, 

" Do you see all these ?" 

So Christiana said, " Yes." 

Then said he again, 

' ' Behold, the flowers are diverse 
in stature, in quality, and color, 
and smell, and virtue ; and some 
are better than others ; also, 
where the gardener hath set them 
there they stand, and quarrel not 
one with another." 

Again, he led them into his 
field which he had sown with 


wheat and corn : but when they 
beheld, the tops of all were cut off, 
and only the straw remained. 

He said again, 

"This ground was dunged and 
ploughed and sown, but what 
shall we do with the crop ?" 

Then said Christiana, 

" Burn some, and make muck 
of the rest. ' ' 

Then said the Interpreter again, 

1 ' Fruit, you see, is that thing 
you look for ; beware that in this 
you condemn not yourselves." 

Then, as they were coming in 
from abroad, they espied a little 
robin with a great spider in his 

So the Interpreter said, u Look 


So they looked, and Mercy won- 
dered, but Christiana said, 

i ' What a disparagement is it to 
such a pretty little bird as the 
robin-redbreast ; I thought they 
lived upon crumbs of bread, or 
upon other such harmless mat- 
ter : I like him worse than I did." 

The Interpreter replied, 

' ' This robin is an emblem, very- 
like some professors ; to sight 
they are, as he is, pretty of 
note, color, and carriage. But 
like him they catch and gobble 
up spiders, change their diet, 
drink iniquity, and swallow down 
sin like water." 

So, when they were come into 
the house, as supper was not yet 
ready, Christiana again desired 


that the Interpreter would show 
or tell them some other things, to 
which he assented, and discours- 
ed, profitably to them for some 

When he had done, he took 
them out into his garden again, 
to a tree whose inside was all rot- 
ten and gone, and yet it grew and 
had leaves. 

Then said Mercy, 

'•What means this?" 

"This tree," said he, " is like 
many that are in the garden of 
God ; whose leaves are fair, but 
their heart good for nothing." 

Now supper was ready : so they 
sat down, and did eat, when one 
had given thanks. And as the 
Interpreter did usually entertain 


with music at meals, the min- 
strels played. There was also 
one that did sing, and a very fine 
voice he had. 

When the song and music were 
ended, the Interpreter asked 
Christiana what it was that at 
first did move her to a pilgrim's 

Christiana then told him all 
the Lord had done for her, and the 
trials she had met with, up 
to the present time. When she 
had finished he said kindly, 

"Thy beginning is good; thy 
latter end shall greatly increase." 

So he addressed himself to 
Mercy, and said unto her, 

"And what moved thee to come 
hither, sweet heart?" 


Then Mercy blushed and trem- 
bled, and for a while continued 

Then said he, " Be not afraid ; 
only believe, and speak thy mind. ' ' 

So she began and said, 

1 ' Truly, sir, my want of expe- 
rience makes me silent, and also 
fills me with fears of coming short 
at last. I cannot tell of visions 
and dreams, as my friend Chris- 
tiana can ; nor mourn for my re- 
fusing the counsel of those that 
were good relations." 

Inter. "What is it, then, dear 
heart, that hath prevailed with 
thee to do as thou hast done ?" 

Mer. "Why, when our friend 
here was packing up to be gone, 
I and another went to see her. 


She told us she was sent for to go 
to her husband ; and how she had 
seen him in a dream, dwelling 
among immortals, wearing a 
crown, and singing praises to his 
Prince, for bringing him thither. 
Now, while she was telling these 
things, my heart burned within 
me. And I thought, If this be 
true, I will leave my father and 
my mother, and the land of my 
nativity, and will go, if I may, 
along with Christiana. So I 
asked her further of the truth of 
these things, and came with her 
with a heavy heart for that so 
many of my relations were left 
behind. And I will go, if I may, 
with Christiana, unto her husband 
and his King." 


Inter. ' ' Thy setting out is good ; 
thou art as Ruth, who for the 
love she bare Naomi and the Lord 
her God, left father and mother, 
the land of her nativity, and her 
people. 'The Lord recompense 
thy work, and a full reward be 
given thee of the Lord God of 
Israel, under whose wings thou 
art come to trust.' " 

Now supper was ended, and 
preparation made for bed ; Chris- 
tiana and Mercy were laid singly 
alone, and the boys by them- 

Now when Mercy was in bed, 
she could not sleep for joy, for 
now her doubts of missing at last 
were removed further from her 
than ever they were before. So 


she lay blessing and praising God, 
who had snch favor for her. 

In the morning they arose with 
the sun, and prepared themselves 
for their departure ; but the In- 
terpreter would have them tarry a 
while ; ■ ' For, ' ' said he, ' ' you 
must go orderly from hence." 

Then said he to the damsel 
Innocence, "Take them and lead 
them into the garden to the bath 
and there wash them and make 
them clean from the soil which 
they have gathered by travelling. ' ' 

Then Innocent took them into 
the garden, and brought them to 
the bath of Sanctification. Then 
they went in and washed ; and 
came out of that bath not only 
sweet and clean but also enliven- 


Bath of Sanctification. 


ed and strengthened. So when 
they came in they looked fairer a 
deal than when they went out to 
the washing. 

Then the Interpreter took them 
and looked upon them, and said 
unto them, ' ' Fair as the moon. ' ' So 
he called for a seal and when it 
was brought, set his mark upon 
them, that they might be known 
in the places whither they were 
yet to go. This seal also added to 
their beauty, and made their coun- 
tenances niore like those of angels. 

Then said he to Innocence, 

" Go into the vestry, and fetch 
out garments for these people." 

So she went and fetched out 
white raiment, and laid it down 
before him; so he commanded 


them to put it on : it was fine 
linen, white and clean. 

When the women were thns 
adorned, they seemed to be a ter- 
ror one to the other ; for that they 
could not see that glory each one 
had in herself, which they could 
see in each other. Now therefore 
they began to esteem each other 
better than themselves. The chil- 
dren also stood amazed, to see into 
what fashion they were brought. 

The Interpreter then called for 
a man-servant of his, one Great- 
Heart, and bade him take a sword 
and helmet, and shield ; and, 

1 ' Take these my daughters, ' ' said 
he, ' ' conduct them to the house 
called Beautiful, at which place 
they will rest next." 


So he took his weapons, and 
went before them ; and the Inter- 
preter said, God-speed. The fami- 
ly also sent them away with many 
a good wish. Thus they started 
again on their way, sometimes 
singing as they went. 

So they went on until they came 
to the place where Christian's 
burden fell off his back. Here 
then they made a pause ; here 
also they blessed God. 

"Now," said Christiana, " it 
comes to my mind that it was 
said to us at the gate, that we 
should have pardon by word and 
by deed. What the promise is, of 
that I know something ; but what 
it is to have pardon by deed, or 
in the way that it was obtained, 


Mr. Great-Heart, I suppose you 
know ; wherefore if you please, 
let us hear your discourse thereon. 

Then did Mr Great-heart open 
lovingly to them the glorious 
doctrine of justification by Christ, 
so that their hearts were stirred 
within them, with increased love 
to Him who had bought them 
with his precious blood. 

Christiana at last broke out : — 
"True, methinks it makes 
my heart bleed to think that He 
should bleed for me. Oh, thou 
loving One ; Oh, thou blessed 
One ! Thou deservest to have 
me : thou hast bought me. Thou 
deservest to have me all : thou 
hast paid for me ten thousand 
times more than I am worth. 


Oh, Mercy, that thy father and 
mother were here ; yea, and Mrs. 
Timorous and Madam Wanton 
too. Surely, surely, their hearts 
would be affected ; nor could they 
refuse to become pilgrims." 

Now I saw in my dream, that 
they went on until they came to 
the place where Simple, Sloth and 
Presumption, lay asleep, when 
Christiana went by, and behold, 
they were hanged up in irons a 
little way off on the other side, 
for a caution to other bad men. 

Then they went on till they came 
to the foot of the hill Difficulty ; 
here Mr. Great-Heart took occa- 
sion to tell them what happened 
there when Christian went by. So 
he had them first to the spring. 


Next lie showed them the two 
by-ways at the foot of the hill, 
where Formality and Hypocrisy 
lost themselves. And, said he, 
these are dangerous paths, and 
although, you see, these ways are 
since stopped up with chains, 
posts, and a ditch, yet there are 
those that will choose to adven- 
ture here, rather than take the 
pains to go up this hill. 

Then they set forward, and be- 
gan to go up the hill. But before 
they got to the top, Christiana be- 
gan to pant, and said, ' ' I dare 
say this is a breathing hill ; no 
marvel if they that love their ease 
more than their souls choose to 
themselves a smoother way." 

Then said Mercy, l l I must sit 


down : ' ' also the least of the chil- 
dren began to cry. 

"Come, come," said Great- 
heart, ' ' sit not down here ; for a 
little above is the Prince's arbor." 

Then he took the little boy by 
the hand, and led him up thereto. 

When they were come to the 
arbor, they were very willing to 
sit down. 

Then said Mercy, 

1 ' How sweet is rest to them 
that labor ; and how good is the 
Prince of pilgrims to provide such 
resting-places for them!" 

Then said Mr. Great-Heart to 
the little ones, 

1 ' Come, my pretty boys, how 
do you do ? What think you now 
of going on pilgrimage ?" 


"Sir," said the least, "I was 
almost beat out of heart ; but I 
thank you for lending me a hand 
at my need. And I remember 
now what my mother hath told 
me, namely, that the way to hea- 
ven is as a ladder, and the way to 
hell is as down a hill. But I had 
rather go up the ladder to life, 
than down the hill to death." 

Then said Mercy, 

"But the proverb is, 'To go 
down the hill is easy. ' ' ' 

But James said, for that was 
his name, "The day is coming 
when, in my opinion, going down 
the hill will be the hardest of all. ' ■ 

"'Tis a good boy," said his 
master; "thou hast given her a 
right answer." 


Then Mercy smiled, but the 
little boy did blush. 

1 ' Come, ' ' said Christiana, ' ' will 
you eat a bit while you sit here to 
rest ? for I have a piece of pome- 
granate which Mr. Interpreter put 
into my hand when I came out of 
his door ; he give me also a piece 
of honey-comb, and a bottle of 
wine." Then she gave to them, 
and they did eat, both Mercy and 
the boys. 

And said Christiana to Mr. 

" Sir, will you do as we do ?" 

But he answered, " You are go- 
ing on pilgrimage, and presently 
I shall return ; much good may 
what you have do you : at home 
I eat the same every day." 


Now when they had eaten and 
drank, and talked a little longer, 
their gnide said to them, 

i ' The day wears away ; if you 
think good, let us prepare to be 
going." So they got up to go, 
and the little boys went before ; 
but Christiana forgot her bottle, 
so she sent her little boy back to 
fetch it. 

Then said Mercy, 

' ' I think this is a losing place : 
here Christian lost his roll, and 
here Christiana her bottle. Sir, 
what is the cause of this?" 

So their guide made answer, 

* ' The cause is sleep, or forget- 
fulness. Pilgrims should watch, 
under their greatest enjoyments ; 
but for want of doing so, often- 


times their rejoicing ends in tears, 
and their sunshine in a cloud." 

When they come to the place 
where Mistrust and Timorous met 
Christian, to persuade him to go 
back for fear of the lions, they 
saw a stage erected, with verses 
written thereon, and underneath 
the verses the inscription : — " This 
stage was built to punish those 
upon, who, through timorousness 
or mistrust, shall be afraid to go 
further on pilgrimage. Also, on 
this stage both Mistrust and Timor- 
ous were burned through the 
tongue with a hot iron, for en- 
deavoring to hinder Christian on 
his journey." 

Then said Meroy, 

"This is much like to the say- 


ing of the Beloved, ' What shall 
be given unto thee, or what shall 
be done unto thee, thou false 
tongue ? Sharp arrows of the 
mighty, with coals of juniper.' " 

So they went on till they came 
within sight of the lions. 

Now Mr. Great-Heart was a 
strong man, so he was not afraid 
of a lion. But yet when they 
were come to where the lions were, 
the boys, that went before, were 
now glad to cringe behind, for 
they were afraid. At this their 
guide smiled, and said, 

11 How now, my boys, do you 
love to go before when no danger 
doth approach, and love to come 
behind so soon as the lions ap- 
pear ?" 


Giant-Grim and the lions. 


Now, as they went on, Mr. 
Great-Heart drew his sword, with 
intent to make a way for the pil- 
grims in spite of the lions. 

Then there appeared one that it 
seems, had taken upon him to 
back the lions ; and he said to 
the pilgrims' guide : — " What is 
the cause of your coming hither?" 

Now the name of that man was 
Grim, or Bloody-man, because of 
his slaying of pilgrims ; and he 
was of the race of the giants. 

Then said the pilgrims' guide, 

" These women and children 
are going on pilgrimage, and this 
is the way they must go ; and go 
they shall, in spite of thee and 
the lions. 

Grim. " This is not their way, 


neither shall they go therein. I 
am come forth to withstand them, 
and to that end will back the 

Then he swore by the lions, and 
bid them turn aside, for they 
should not have passage there. 

But Great-Heart made first his 
approach unto Grim, and laid so 
heavily on him with his sword 
that he forced him to retreat. 

Then said he that attempted to 
back the lions, "Will you slay 
me upon my own ground ?" 

Gieat. " It is the King's high- 
way that we are in; these wo- 
men, and these children, though 
weak, shall hold on their way in 
spite of thy lions." 

And with that he gave him 


again a downright blow, and 
brought him upon his knees. 
With this blow also he broke his 
helmet, and with the next he cut 
off an arm. Then did the giant 
roar so hideously that his voice 
frightened the women, and yet 
they were glad to see him lie 
sprawling upon the ground. 

Now the lions were chained, 
and so of themselves could do 
nothing. Wherefore, when old 
Grim, that intended to back them, 
was dead, Mr. Great-Heart said to 
the pilgrims, "Come now, and 
follow me, and no hurt shall 
happen to you from the lions." 

They therefore went on, but 
the women trembled as they pass- 
ed by them ; the boys also looked 


as if they would die ; but they all 
got by without further hurt. 

Now, they were within sight of 
the porter's lodge, and soon came 
up into it. So the guide knocked, 
and the porter cried, ' ; Who is 

But as soon as the guide had 
said, " It is I, " he knew his voice, 
and came down, for the guide had 
oft before that come thither as a 
conductor of pilgrims. 

When he opened the gate and 
saw not the women, for they were 
behind, he said, " How now, Mr. 
Great-Heart, what is your business 
here so late at night ? ' ' 

' ' I have brought, ' ' answered he, 
"some pilgrims hither, where, by 
my Lord's commandment, they 


must lodge. I had been here some 
time ago, had I not been opposed 
by the giant that did use to back 
the lions But I, after a long and 
tedious combat, have cut him off, 
and have brought the pilgrims 
hither in safety." 

Por. i ' Will you not go in, and 
stay till morning ? 

Great. " No, I will return to 
my Lord to-night. ' ' 

Chr. u O, sir, I know not how 
to be willing you should leave us 
in our pilgrimage : you have 
been so faithful and so loving to 
us, you have fought so stoutly 
for us, you have been so hearty 
in counselling of us, that I shall 
never forget your favor towards 


Then said Mercy, 

' ' that we might have thy 
company to our journey's end. 
How can snch poor women as we 
hold out in a way so full of trou- 
bles as this way is, without a 
friend and defender?" 

Then said James, the youngest 
of the boys, 

1 ' Pray, sir, be persuaded to go 
with us, and help us, because we 
are so weak, and the way is so 

Great. ' ' I am at my Lord' s com- 
mandment ; if he shall allot me to 
be your guide quite through, I 
will willingly wait upon you. 
But here you failed at first ; for 
when he bid me come thus far 
with you, then you should have 


begged me of him to have gone 
quite through with you, and he 
would have granted your request. 
However, at present I must with- 
draw ; and so, good Christiana, 
Mercy, and my brave children, 

Then the porter, Mr. Watchful, 
asked Christiana of her country, 
and of her kindred. And when 
she had told him who she was, 
and, pointing to Mercy said, ' ' This 
also is one of my townswomen 
and these children are the chil- 
dren of Christian my husband ; " — - 
he rang his bell, and there came 
to the door one of the damsels, 
whose name was Humble-Mind ; 
and to her the porter said, 

"Go tell it within, that Chris- 


tiana, the wife of Christian, and 
her children, are come hither on 

She went in, therefore, and told 
it. But 0, what noise for glad- 
ness was there within when the 
damsel did but drop that out of 
her mouth. 

So they came with haste to the 
porter, for Christiana stood still 
at the door. Then some of the 
most grave said unto her, 

' ' Come in, Christiana, come in, 
thou wife of that good man ; come 
in, thou blessed woman, come in, 
with all that are with thee." So 
they went in. 

Now they were led into a large 
room, where they were bidden to 
sit down ; so they sat down, and 


the chief of the house were called 
to see and welcome them. 

Now, because it was somewhat 
late, and the pilgrims were weary, 
they desired, as soon as might be, 
to go to rest. Nay, said those of 
the family, refresh yourselves first 
with a morsel of meat. So when 
they had supped, and ended their 
prayer with a psalm, they desired 
they might go to to rest. 

" But let us," said Christiana, 
11 if we may be so bold as to choose, 
be in that chamber that was my 
husband's' when he was here;" 
so they led them up thither, and 
they all lay in a room. When 
they were at rest, Christiana and 
Mercy entered into discourse. 

Chr. "Little did I think once, 


when my husband went on pil- 
grimage, that I should ever have 
followed him." 

Mer. * ' And you as little thought 
of lying in his bed, and in his 
chamber to rest, as you do now. ' ' 

Chr. i i And much less did I 
ever think of seeing his face with 
comfort, and of worshipping the 
Lord and King with him ; and yet 
now I believe I shall." 

Mer. " Hark, don't you hear a 
noise ?" 

Chr. "Yes, it is, as I believe, 
a noise of music, for joy that we 
are here." 

Mer. ' l Wondeful ! Music in 
the house, music in the heart, and 
music also in heaven, for joy that 
we are here." Thus they talked 


a while, and then betook them- 
selves to sleep. 

So in the morning when they 
were awake, Christiana said to 

14 What was the matter, that 
you did laugh in your sleep to- 
night ? I suppose you were in a 
dream ?" 

Mer. " So I was and a sweet 
dream it was ; but are you sure I 
laughed ?" 

Chr. M Yes, you laughed hearti- 
ly ; but prithee, Mercy, tell me 
thy dream." 

Mer. "I was dreaming that I 
sat all alone in a solitary place, 
and was bemoaning the hard- 
ness of my heart. Now I had 
not sat there long but methought 


many were gathering about me to 
see me, and to hear what it was 
that I said. So they hearkened, 
and I went on bemoaning the hard- 
ness of my heart. At this some 
of them laughed at me, some call- 
ed me fool, and some began to 
thrust me about. With that me- 
thought I looked up and saw one 
coming with wings towards me. 
So he came directly to me, and 
said, Mercy, what aileth thee ? 
Now when he had heard me make 
my complaint, he said, Peace be 
to thee ; he also wiped my eyes 
with his handkerchief, and clad 
me in silver and gold. He put a 
chain about my neck, and ear- 
rings in my ears, and a beautiful 
crown upon my head. Then he 


took me by the hand, and said, 
Mercy, come after me. So he went 
up, and I followed till we came to 
a golden gate. Then he knocked 
and when they within had opened 
the man went in, and I followed 
him up to a throne, upon which 
one sat ; and he said to me, Wel- 
come, daughter. The place look- 
ed bright and twinkling, like the 
stars, or rather like the sun, and 
I thought that I saw your hus- 
band there ; so I awoke from my 
dream. But did I laugh ?" 

Chr. "Laugh! aye, and well 
you might, to see yourself so well. ' ' 

Mer. " Well, I am glad of my 
dream ; for I hope ere long to see 
it fulfilled, to the making me 
laugh again.' ■ 


Chr. " I think it is now high 
time to rise and to know what we 
must do." 

Mer. " Pray, if they invite us 
to stay a while, let us willingly 
accept of the proffer. I am the 
more willing to stay a while here 
to grow better acquainted with 
these maids : methinks Prudence 
Piety, and Charity, have very 
comely and sober countenances." 

Chr. " We shall see what they 
will do." 

So when they were up and ready, 
they came down, and they asked 
one another of their rest, and if 
it was comfortable or not. 

" Very good, " said Mercy ; " it 
was one of the best night's lodg- 
ings that ever I had in my life." 


Then said Prudence and Piety, 
"If you will be persuaded to stay 
here a while, you shall have what 
the house will afford. ' ' 

"Aye, and that with very good 
will, ' ' said Charity. 

So they consented, and stayed 
there about a month or more, 
and became very profitable one to 
another. And because Prudence 
would see how Christiana had 
brought up her children, she 
asked leave of her to catechize 
them. So she gave her free con- 
sent. Then she began with the 
youngest, whose name was James. 

The little fellow answered her 
questions so well that Prudence 
was much pleased, and com- 
mended Christiana for thus bring- 


ing liim up. She then catechized 
Joseph and Samnel, and ended 
with Matthew who was the eldest. 
After praising the boys she told 
them, still to hearken to their 
mother for she could teach them 
more, and to their great profit. 

Now the pilgrims had been at 
this place a week, when Mercy 
had a visitor that pretended some 
good- will unto her, and his name 
was Mr. Brisk ; a man of some 
breeding, one that professed re- 
ligion, but that stuck very close to 
the world. So he came once or 
twice, or more, to Mercy, and 
offered love unto her. Now 
Mercy was of a fair countenance, 
and therefore more alluring. 

Her mind also was to be always 


%y mi 

Prudence catechizing the children. 


busying of herself in doing ; for 
when she had nothing to do for 
herself, she would be making hose 
and garments for others, and 
would bestow them upon those 
that had need. And Mr. Brisk 
not knowing where or how she 
disposed of what she made, seem- 
ed to be greatly taken, for that he 
found her never idle. I will 
warrant her a good housewife, 
quoth he to himself. 

Mercy then revealed the busi- 
ness to the maidens that were of 
the house, and inquired of them 
concerning him, for they did 
know him better than she. So 
they told her that he was a very 
busy young man, and one who 
pretended to religion, but was, as 


they feared, a stranger to the 
power of that which is good. 

* l Nay then, ' ' said Mercy, ' ' I will 
look no more on him ; for I pur- 
pose never to have a clog to my 

Prudence then replied, that 
there needed no matter of great 
discouragement to be given to him ; 
her continuing so as she had be- 
gun to do for the poor would 
quickly cool his courage. 

So the next time he comes he 
finds her at her old work, making 
things for the poor. Then said he, 

11 What always at it?" 

"Yes," said she, "either for 
myself or others." 

"And what canst thou earn a 
day ?" said he. 


11 I do these things" said, she, 
11 that I may be rich in good works 
laying np in store for myself a 
good foundation against the time 
to come, that I may lay hold on 
eternal life." 

" Why, prithee, what does t thou 
with them ?" said he. 

" Clothe the naked," said she. 
With that his countenance fell. 

So he forbore to come at her 
again. And when he was asked 
the reason why, he said, 

" That Mercy was a pretty lass 
but troubledwith strange notions. ' ' 

Now Matthew, the eldest son 
of Christiana, fell sick, and his 
sickness was sore upon him 
for he was much pained in his 


There dwelt also not far from 
thence one Mr. Skill, an ancient 
and well approved physician. So 
Christiana desired it, and they 
sent for him, and he came. When 
he had entered the room, and had 
a little observed the boy, he con- 
cluded that he was sick of the 

Then he said to his mother, 
11 What diet has Matthew of late 
fed upon?" 

" Diet?" said Christiana, "no- 
thing but what is wholesome." 
The physician answered, 
"This boy has been tampering 
with something that lies in his 
stomach undigested. And I tell 
you he must be purged, or else he 
will die." 


Then said Samuel, " Mother, 
what was that which my brother 
did gather and eat as soon as we 
were come from the gate that is 
at the head of this way? You 
know there was an orchard on the 
left hand, and some of the trees 
hung over the wall, and my bro- 
ther did pluck and eat." 

11 True, my child," said Chris- 
tiana, "he did take thereof, naugh- 
ty boy as he was. I chid him, and 
yet he would eat thereof." 

"I knew he had eaten some- 
thing that was not wholesome, 
and that food is the fruit of Beel- 
zebub's orchard. 1 do marvel 
that none did warn you of it ; 
many have died thereof." 

Then Christiana began to cry ; 


and she said, ■ ' Oh, naughty boy ! 
and Oh, careless mother ! what 
shall I do for my son ?" 

Skill. " Come, do not be dejec- 
ted ; the boy may do well again, 
but he must purge and vomit." 

Chris. " Pray, sir, try the ut- 
most of your skill with him, what- 
ever it costs. 

Skill. " Nay, I hope I shall be 

So he made him a purge, but 
it was too weak : it was made of 
the blood of a goat, the ashes of a 
heifer, and some of the juice of 
hyssop. Wben Mr. Skill had 
seen that that purge was too weak 
he made one to the purpose. It 
was made ex came et sanguine 
Christi, (of the flesh and blood of 


ChristJ and was shaped into 
pills, with a promise or two, and 
a proportionable quantity of salt. 
He was to take them three at a 
time, fasting, in half a quarter of 
a pint of the tears of repentance. 

When this potion was prepared, 
and brought to the boy, he was 
loath to take it. 

" Come, come," said the physi- 
cian, " you must take it." 

" It goes against my stomach," 
said the boy. 

"I must have you take it," 
said his mother. 

" I shall vomit it up again," 
said the boy. 

" Pray sir," said Christiana to 
Mr. Skill, " how does it taste?" 

"It has no ill taste, "said the 


doctor ; and with that she touched 
one of the pills with the tip of 
her tongue. 

"Oh, Matthew/' said she, "this 
potion is sweeter than honey. 
If thou lovest thy mother, if thou 
lovest thy brothers, if thou lovest 
Mercy, if thou lovest thy life, 
take it." 

"So with much ado, after a 
short prayer, for the blessing of 
God upon it, he took it, and it 
wrought kindly with him. It 
caused him to purge; it caused 
him to sleep, and to rest quietly ; 
it put him into a fine heat and 
breathing sweat, and did quite rid 
him of his gripes. 

So in a little time he got up, 
and walked about with a staff, 


and would go from room to room, 
and talk with Fiudence, Piety, 
and Charity, of his distemper, 
and how he was healed. 

Now about this time their month 
was out ; wherefore they signified 
to those of the house, that it was 
convenient for them to he up and 

Then said Joseph to his mother, 
41 It is proper that you forget not 
to send to the house of Mr. Inter- 
preter, to pray him to grant that 
Mr. Great- Heart should he sent un- 
to us, that he may he our conduc- 
tor for the rest of the way." 

44 Good boy," said she, 44 I had 
almost forgot." 

So she drew up a petition, and 
prayed Mr. Watchful the porter to 


send it by some fit man to her good 
friend Mr. Interpreter ; who when 
it was come, and he had seen the 
contents of the petition, said to 
the messenger, "Go, tell them 
that I will send him. " 

When the family where Chris- 
tiana was, saw that they had a 
purpose to go forward, they called 
the whole honse together, to give 
thanks to their King for sending 
of them such profitable guests as 
these. Which done, they said 
unto Christiana, " And shall we 
not show thee something, as our 
custom is to do to pilgrims, on 
which thou mayest meditate when 
thou art upon thy way ?" 

So they took Christiana, her 
children, and Mercy, into the 


closot, and showed them some of 
the fruit that Eve ate of, and 
that she also did give to her hus- 
band, and that for the eating of 
which they were both turned out 
of Paradise, and asked her what 
she thought that was. 

Then Christiana said, "It is a 
food or poison, I know not which." 
So they opened the matter to her, 
and she held up her hands and 

Then they led her to a place, 
and showed her Jacob's lad- 
der. Now at that time there 
were some angels ascending upon 
it. So Christiana looked and 
looked to see the angels go up: 
so did the rest of the company. 

Then they were going into an- 


other place, to show them some- 
thing else ; but James said to his 
mother, Pray, bid them stay here 
a little longer, for this is a curious 
sight. So they turned again, and 
stood feeding their eyes with this 
so pleasant a prospect. 

After this, they led them into 
a place where did hang up a gold- 
en anchor. So they bid Chris- 
tiana take it down ; for, said they, 

11 You shall have it with you, for 
it is of absolute necessity that you 
should, that you may lay hold of 
that within the veil, and stand 
steadfast in case you should meet 
with turbulent weather," so they 
were glad therof. 

Then they took them, and led 
them to the mount upon which 


Abraham our father offered up 
Isaac his son, and showed them 
the altar, the wood, the fire, and 
the knife, for they remain to be 
seen to this very day. 

When they had seen it, they 
held up their hands and said, 

"Oh, what a man for love to 
his Master, and for denial to him- 
self, was Abraham!" 

After that Prudence took them 
into a dining-room, where stood 
a musical instrument. So she 
played upon it, and turned what 
she had showed them into an ex- 
cellent song. 

Now, about this time one knock- 
ed, and behold it was Mr. Great- 
lleart. On seeing him our pilgrims 
rejoiced, and gladly welcomed him. 


Then said Mr. Great-Heart to 
Christiana and Mercy. 

" My Lord has sent each of yon a 
bottle of wine, and also some par- 
ched corn, together with a conple 
of pomegranates ; he has sent tho 
boys some figs and raisins, to re- 
fresh yon in yonr way." 

Then they addressed themselves 
to their jonrney, and Prudence 
and Piety went along with them. 
When they came to the gate, 
Christiana asked the porter if any 
of late had passed. He said, 

c * Only one, who told me that of 
late there had been a great robbery 
on the King's highway as yon go. 
But," said he, "the thieves are 
taken, and will shortly be tried 
for their lives." 


Then Christiana and Mercy were 
afraid; hut Matthew said, 

; 'Mother, fearnothing,aslongas 
Mr. Great-Heart is to go with us, 
and to he our conductor." 

Then said Christiana to the 

u Sir, I am ohliged to you for 
the kindnesses you have showed 
to us since we came hither. I 
know not how to express our 
sense of your kindness ; where- 
fore, pray, as a token of my re- 
spect to you, accept of this small 

So she put a gold angel in his 
hand ; and he made her a low 
obeisance, and said, 

" Let thy garments be always 
white ; and let thy head want no 


ointment. Let Mercy live and 
not die, and let not her works be 
few." And to the boys he 
said, " Do you fly youthful lusts, 
and follow after godliness, so shall 
you put gladness into your 
mother's heart, and obtain praise 
of all that are sober-minded." 

So they thanked the porter and 

Now I saw in my dream, that 
they went forward to the brow of 
the hill ; where Piety, bethinking 
herself, cried out, 

' ' Alas, I have forgot what I 
intended to bestow upon Chris- 
tiana and her companions : I will 
go back and fetch it. ' ' So she ran 
and fetched it. 

While she was gone, Christiana 


thought she heard, in a grove a 
little off, a most curious melodious 
note, with words much like 

" Through all my life thy favor is 
So frankly showed to me, 
That in thy house for evermore 
My dwelling-place shall be." 

And listening still she thought 
she heard another answer it 

" For why ? The Lord our God is good ; 
11U mercy is for ever sure : 
His truth at all times firmly stood, 
And shall from age to age endure." 

So Christiana asked Prudence 
who it was that made these curi- 
ous notes: M They are," answered 
she, ' ' our country birds : they 


sing these notes but seldom, 
except it be at the spring, when 
the flowers appear, and the sun 
shines warm, and then you may 
hear them all day long. I often, 
go out to hear them ; and they 
make the woods and groves and 
solitary places desirable to be 

By this time Piety was come 
again. So she said to Christiana, 

' ' Look here, I have brought 
thee a scheme of those things 
thou hast seen at our house, upon 
which thou mayest look and call 
them again to remembrance." 

Now they began to go down the 
hill into the valley of Humiliation. 
It was steep and the way slippery, 
but they were very careful; so 


they got down pretty well. When 
they were down Piety said to 

" This is the place where Chris- 
tian, yonr husband, met with the 
foul fiend Apollyon, and where 
they had that dreadful fight. But 
be of good courage ; as long as 
you have here Mr. Great-Heart to 
be your guide and conductor, we 
hope you will fare better." 

So when these two had com- 
mitted the pilgrims unto the con- 
duct of their guide, he went for- 
ward, and they went after. 

Now Mr. Great-Heart as they 
went along discoursed to them 
especially of the valley of Hu- 
miliation and why it was that 
Christian was here so sore put to 


it ; because of his slips before 
be came hither. He said also 
much in favor of this valley : — 

" Behold how green it is ; also 
how beautiful with lilies. ' ' 

Now as they were going along 
and talking, they espied a boy 
feeding his father's sheep. The 
boy was in very mean clothes, 
but of a fresh and well-favored 
countenance ; and as he sat by 
himself he sung. 

"Hark," said Mr. Great-Heart, 
"to what the shepherd's boy 
saith. ' ' So they hearkened, and 
he said, 

" He that is down, needs fear no fall ; 
He that is low, no pride : 
He that is humble, ever shall 
Have God to be his guide. 


Shepherd boy in the Valley of Hu- 


I am content with what I have, 

Little be it or much ; 
And, Lord, contentment still I crave, 

Because thou savest such- 
Fullness to such a burden is, 

That go on pilgrimage ; 
Here little, and hereafter bliss, 

Is best from age to age." 

Then said the guide, 

' ' Do you hear him ? I will dare 
to say this boy lives a merrier 
life, and wears more of that herb 
called heart' s-ease in his bosom, 
than he that is clad in silk and 
velvet, ' ' 

As they went on, Samuel said 
to Mr. Great-Heart, 

" Sir, I perceive this valley is 
very large ; can you tell where- 
abouts was the fight that my 
father had with Apollyon ?" 


Great. ' ' Yes, at a place yonder 
before us, in a narrow passage, 
just beyond Forgetful Green. 
And indeed that place is the most 
dangerous place in all these parts. 
This is the place also where others 
have been hard put to it. But 
I persuade myself that to this 
day there remains there some 
monument to testify that such a 
a battle was fought." 

Then said Mercy, 

' ' I think I am as well in this 
valley as I have been anywhere 
else in all our journey: the place 
methinks, suits with my spirit. I 
love to be where there is no rat- 
tling with coaches, nor rumbling 
with wheels. Methinks, here one 
may, without molestation, think 


what he is, whence he came, what 
he has done, and to what the King 
has called him." 

" 'Tis true," said their gnide ; 
" I have often gone through this 
valley and never was better than 
when here. I have also been a 
conductor to several pilgrims, and 
they have confessed the same." 

Now they were come to the 
place where the aforementioned 
battle was fought. Then said the 
guide to Christiana, her children, 
and Mercy, 

"This is the place; on this 
ground Christian stood, and up 
there came Apollyon against 
nim. And lo, as I thought, yon- 
der stands a monument, on which 
is engraven this battle, and Chris- 


tian's victory, to his fame through- 
out all ages." 

So they stopped a while to look 
upon it and read the account 
written thereon. 

When they had passed by this 
place, they came upon the bor- 
ders of the Shadow of Death. But 
these women and children went 
the better through it, because 
they had daylight, and because Mr. 
Great-Heart was their conductor. 

When they were entered upon 
this valley, they thought they 
heard a groaning, as of some in 
torment. These tilings made the 
boys to quake ; the women also 
looked pale and wan ; but their 
guide bade them be of good com- 


So they went on a little further, 
and thought they felt the ground 
shake under them ; they heard 
also a kind of hissing, as of ser- 
pents. Then said the boys, 

1 ' Are we not at the end of this 
doleful place?" 

But the guide bade them be of 
good courage, and look well to 
their feet ; lest haply, said he, 
you be taken in some snare. 

Now James became sick through 
fear ; so his mother gave him some 
wine, and three pills Mr. Skill had 
prepared, so he began to revive. 
Thus they went on till they came 
to about the middle of the valley ; 
and then Christiana said, 

"Methinks I see something 
yonder upon the road before us, 


a thing of a shape such as I have 
not seen." 

Then said Joseph, "Mother, 
what is it?" 

" An ugly thing, child , an ugly 
thing," said she. 

"But, mother, what is it like ?" 
said he. 

"'Tis like I cannot tell what," 
said she; "and now it is but a 
little way off." 

Then said she, 

"It is nigh." 

"Well," said Mr. Great-Heart, 
"let them that are most afraid 
keep close to me." So the fiend 
came on, and the conductor met 
it ; but when it was just come to 
him, it vanished to all their sights. 
Then remembered they what had 


been said some time ago, " Resist 
the devil, and he will flee from 

They went on therefore a little re- 
freshed, but had not gone far, be- 
fore Mercy, looking behind her, 
saw, as she thought, something 
most like a lion, and it came at a 
great paddling pace after : and it 
had a hollow voice of roaring ; 
and at every roar it gave, it made 
the valley echo, and their hearts 
to ache, save the heart of him that 
was their guide. So it came up, 
and Mr. Great- Heart went behind, 
and put the pilgrims all before 
him. The lion also came on 
apace, and Mr. Great-Heart ad- 
dressed himself to give him battle. 
But when the foe saw that it was 


determined that resistance should 
be made, he also drew back, and 
came no further. 

Then they went on again, and 
their conductor went before them, 
till they came to a place where 
was cast a pit the whole breadth 
of the way ; and before they could 
be prepared to go over that, a 
great mist and a darkness fell 
upon them, so that they could not 
see. Then said the pilgrims, 
" Alas, what now shall we do ?" 
But their guide made answer, 
"Fear not; stand still, and see 
what an end will be put to this 
also;" so they stayed there, be- 
cause their path was marred. 
They then also thought that they 
did hear more evidently the 



Id the Valley of the Shadow of Death. 


noise and rushing of the enemies ; 
the fire also and smoke of the pit 
was much easier to be discerned. 
Then said Christiana to Mercy, 
" Now I see what my poor hus- 
band went through. I have heard 
much of this place, but I never 
was here before ; none can tell 
what the valley of the Shadow of 
Death means until they come 
into it themselves. The heart 
knoweth its own bitterness ; and 
a stranger intermeddleth not with 
its joy. To be here is a fearful 

Then said Mr. Great-Heart, 
' c Come, let us pray for light to 
Him that can lighten our dark- 
ness, and that can rebuke not only 
these, but all the Satans in hell." 


So they cried and prayed, and 
God sent light and deliverance. 
Yet they were not got through 
the valley. So they went on still, 
through loathsome ways, to their 
great annoyance. 

Then said Mercy to Christiana, 

1 'It is not so pleasant being 
here as at the gate, or at the In- 
terpreter's, or at the house where 
we lay last." 

" hut," said one of the boys, 
"it is not so bad to go through 
here, as it is to abide here al- 
ways ; and for aught I know, one 
reason why we must go this way 
to the house prepared for us is, 
that our home might be made the 
sweeter to us." 

"Well said, Samuel," quoth 


the guide ; ' ' thou hast now spoke 
like a man." 

"Why, if ever I get out here 
again, ' ' said the boy, ' ' I think I 
shall prize light and good way 
better than I ever did in all my 

Then said the guide, 

" We shall be out by-and-by." 

So they looked to their feet, and 
went on ; but they were troubled 
much with the snares. Now, 
when they were come among the 
snares, they espied a man cast 
into the ditch on the left hand, 
with his flesh all rent and torn. 

Then said the guide, 

"That is one Heedless, that 
was going this way : he has lain 
there a great while. There was 


one Take-Heed with, him when he 
was taken and slain, but he es- 
caped their hands/' 

Now they drew towards the end 
of this way ; and just there where 
Christian had seen the cave when 
he went by, ont thence came forth 
Maul, a giant. This Maul did use 
to spoil young pilgrims with 
sophistry ; and he called Great- 
Heart by name, and said unto 
him, ' ' How many times have you 
been forbidden to do these things?" 

Then said Mr. Great-Heart. 

••What things?" "What 
things ! ; ' quoth the giant ; i ' you 
know what things : but I will put 
an end to your trade." 

•• But pray," said Mr. Great- 
Heart, " before we fall to it. let us 


understand wherefore we must 
fight." Now the women and 
children stood trembling, and 
knew not what to do. 

Then did the giant further abuse 
Mr. Great Heart and his Master ; 
at last he came at him with his 
club. So they fell to it, and at 
the first blow the giant struck 
Mr. Great-Heart down upon one 
of his knees. With that the 
women and children cried out. 
But Mr. Great-Heart recovering 
himself, gave the giant a wound 
in his arm. Thus they fought 
for an hour, and the breath came 
out of the giant's nostrils as heat 
out of a boiling caldron. 

Then they sat down ; but Mr. 
Great-Heart betook himself to 


prayer. Also the women and 
children did nothing but sigh and 
cry all the time that the battle did 

When they had rested, they 
both fell to it again. At last after 
a hard fight the giant began to 
faint, and could hold up his club 
no longer. 

Then Mr. Great-Heart smote his 
head from his shoulders. 

At this the women and children 
rejoiced, and Mr. Great-Heart also 
praised God for their deliverance. 

They then amongst them erec- 
ted a pillar, and fastened the 
giant's head thereon, and wrote 
under it, in letters that passen- 
gers might read, an account of the 
fight and victory. 



Mr. Great-Heart and the Pilgrims. 


Now I saw that they went on to 
the ascent from whence Christian 
had the first sight of Faithful ; 
here they sat down and rested. 
They also did eat and drink, and 

They then fell into discourse 
about the fight and of the wonder- 
ful love of God in preserving them 
and bringing them thus far on 
their way. After which they got 
up and went forward. 

Now a little before them stood 
an oak ; and under it, they found 
an old pilgrim fast asleep. They 
knew he was a pilgrim by his 
clothes, and his staff, and his girdle. 
So Mr. Great-Heart, awaked 
him, and said, 

" My name is Great-Heart : I 



am the guide of these pilgrims 
that are going to the Celestial 
country. Pray let me crave your 
name, and the name of the place 
you came from." 

" My name," said he " I cannot 
tell you, but I came from the town 
of Stupidity : it lieth about four 
degrees beyond the city of De- 
struction. ' ' 

Great. ' ' Oh, are you that coun- 
tryman ? Then I deem I have half 
a guess of you ; your name is 
Old Honesty, is it not?" 

So the old gentleman blushed, 
and said, " Not honesty in the ab- 
stract, but Honest is my name ; 
and I wish that my nature may 
agree to what I am called." 

Then the old gentleman saluted 


all the pilgrims, and asked them 
their names, and how they had 
fared since they set out on their 

But you can scarcely think how 
the old gentleman was taken when 
Christiana told him who she was. 
He skipped, he smiled, he blessed 
her and the children with a thou- 
sand good wishes. 

Then they told him of Mercy, 
and how she had left her town and 
her kindred to come along with 
Christiana. At that the old hon- 
est man said, 

' l Mercy is thy name : by mercy 
shalt thou be sustained and car- 
ried through all difficulties that 
shall assault thee in thy way, till 
thou shalt look the Fountain of 


mercy in the face with com- 

All this while the guide, Mr. 
Great-Heart, was very well pleased 
and smiled upon his companions. 

Now, as they walked along to- 
gether, the guide asked the old 
gentleman if he did not know one 
Mr. Fearing, that came on pil- 
grimage out of his parts. 

So their talk for some time was 
about this true but faint-hearted 
pilgrim and his troublesome pil- 
grimage. Mr. Great-Heart draw- 
ing lessons therefrom of profit for 
those who were under his care, 
and were now listening to his 

Now I saw that they still went 
on in their talk. For after Mr. 


Great-Heart had made an end with 
Mr. Fearing, Mr. Honest began to 
tell them of another, Mr. Self-will, 
a very different sort of a man in- 

As they were thus talking 
on their way, there came one 
running to meet them, and said, 

1 ' Gentleman, and you of the 
weaker sort, if you love life, shift 
for yourselves, for the robbers 
are before you." 

Then said Mr. Great-Heart, 

1 i They are the three that set 
upon Little-Faith heretofore. We 
are ready for them : " so they went 
on their way. 

Now they looked at every turn- 
ing for the villains ; but they 
came not up to the pilgrims. 


Christiana then wished for an 
inn to refresh herself and her 
children, because they were weary. 

Then said Mr. -Honest, 

"There is one a little before ns, 
where a very honorable disciple, 
one Gains, dwells." 

So they all concluded to turn 
in thither. 

When they came to the door 
they went in, not knocking, for 
folks use not to knock at the door 
of an inn. Then they asked if 
they might lie there that night. 

Gains. "Yes, gentlemen, if 
you be true men ; for my house 
is for none but pilgrims." 

Then were Christiana, Mercy, 
and the boys glad, that the inn- 
keeper was a lover of pilgrims. 


Then said Mr. Great-Heart, 

11 Good Gaius, what hast thou 
for supper?" 

"It is late," said Gaius, " so 
we cannot conveniently go out to 
seek food ; but to such as we 
have you shall be welcome/' 

Great. "We will be content 
with what thou hast ; thou art 
never destitute of that which is 

Then he went down and spoke 
to the cook, whose name was 
Taste-that-which-is-good, to get 
ready supper for so many pil- 
grims. This done, he comes up 
again, saying, 

"Good friends, you are wel- 
come and while supper is making 
ready, let us entertain one another 


with some good discourse:" so 
they all said "Content." 

Then Gains was told who Chris- 
tiana and her children, and Mercy 
were ; — and he had words of kind 
welcome for them all. 

He then told them many things 
of Christian's ancestors, whose 
names were on record, and of 
their valiant doings. He advised 
Christiana ahont her boys, and 
told her to take Mercy into a 
nearer relation to her. ' ' If she 
will ' ' said he, ■ ' let her be given as 
wife to Matthew thy eldest son." 

So in process of time they were 
married : but more of that here- 

Now the cook sent up to signify 
that supper, was almost ready, and 


sent one to lay the cloth, and the 
trenchers, and to set the salt and 
bread in order. 

So supper came np. 

Then were they full of thankful 
joy, and sat at the table a long 
time talking. And in their con- 
versation were mingled many 
thoughts of wisdom culled from 
the word of God. 

At last Samuel whispered to 
Christiana, his mother, 

''Mother, this is a very good 
man's house: let us stay here a 
while, and let my brother Mat- 
thew be married here to Mercy," 

The which Gaius their host over- 
hearing, said, ' ' With a very good 
will, my child." 

So they stayed there more than a 


month, and Mercy was given to 
Matthew to wife. 

While they stayed here, Mercy, 
as her custom was, made coats 
and garments for the poor, by 
which she brought a very good 
report upon the pilgrims. 

But to return to our story. 
After supper the lads desired a 
bed, for they were weary. But 
the elder ones sat up all night ; 
for they could not tell how to 
part. After much talk of their 
Lord, themselves, and their jour- 
ney, they spoke of the experience 
of other pilgrims. Thus they sat 
talking till break of day. 

Now when the family were up, 
Christiana bid her son James that 
he should read a chapter; so he 


read the 53d of Isaiah. When he 
had finished they had some plea- 
sant talk thereupon, such as pil- 
grims delight in ; after which Gai- 
ns said, ' ' Now that you are here, 
and Mr. Great-Heart is good at his 
weapons, after we have refreshed 
ourselves, we will walk into the 
fields, to see if we can do any good. 
About a mile from hence there is 
one Slay-good, a giant, that doth 
much harm ; and I know where- 
about his haunt is." 

So they consented and went ; 
Mr. Great-Heart with his sword, 
helmet, and shield ; and the rest 
with spears and staves. 

When they came to the place, 
they found the giant with one 
Feeble-mind in his hand, whom 


his servants had brought in. Now 
the giant was rifling him, with a 
purpose after that to pick his 

So soon as he saw Mr. Great- 
Heart and his friends at the mouth 
of his cave, he demanded what 
they wanted. 

Great. " We want thee ; where- 
fore come out of thy cave." 

So he armed himself and came 
out, and to battle they went, and 
fought above an hour, and then 
stood still to rest. 

Then said the giant, ■ ' Why 
are you here on my ground ?" 

Great. "To revenge the blood of 
pilgrims, as you well know." 

So they went at it again, and 
the giant made Mr. Great-Heart 


give back ; but lie came up again, 
and let ny with such, stoutness at 
the giant's head and sides, that 
he made him let his weapon fall 
out of his hand. So he slew him, 
and cut off his head and brought 
it away to the inn. 

He also took Feeble-mind the 
pilgrim, and brought him with 
him. When they were come 
home, they showed the giant's 
head to the family, and set it up, 
for a terror to those that should 
attempt to do as he had done. 

Then they asked Mr. Feeble- 
mind how he fell into his hands. 

Then said the poor man, 

1 ' I am sickly and a man of no 
strength of body, nor mind, 
but would, though I but crawl, 


spend my life in the pilgrim's way. 
I have found much relief from 
pilgrims, though none were wil- 
ling to go so softly as I am forced 
to do. When I was come on my 
way as far as Assault-lane, the gi- 
ant Slay-good met me and forced 
me into his den. But I have as 
you see, escaped with life, for 
which I thank my King as the 
author, and you as the means. 
My way is before me, my mind is 
beyond the river that has no 
bridge, though I am as you see, 
but of a feeble mind." 

After further talk Gaius said 
to him, 

" Come, sir, be of good cheer; 
you are welcome to my house ; call 
freely for what thou wantest ; and 


what thou wouldst have my ser- 
vants do for thee they will do 
with a ready mind." 

Then said Mr. Feeble-mind, 
gratefully, " This is an unexpect- 
ed favor, as the sun shining out of 
a very dark cloud . Did giant Slay- 
good intend me this favor when he 
stopped me, that after he had 
rifled my pockets, I should go to 
Gains mine host ? Yet so it is." 

Now while they were thus in 
talk, there came one running, and 
said, that about a mile and a half 
off one Mr. Not-right, a pilgrim, 
was struck dead with a thunder- 

u Alas," said Mr. Feeble-mind, 
" is he slain ? He was with me 
when the giant took me, but he 


escaped it seems to die, and I 
was taken to live." 

Now about the time Matthew 
and Mercy were married, Gaius 
gave his daughter Phebe to James, 
Matthew's brother, to wife ; after 
which time they yet stayed about 
ten days at Gaius's house. 

When they were to depart, 
Gaius made them a feast, and 
they did eat and drink, and were 

Now the hour was come that 
they must be gone, and Mr. 
Great-Heart called for a reckon- 
ing. But Gaius told him, at his 
house it was not the custom for 
pilgrims to pay for their enter- 
tainment. He looked for his pay 
from the good Samaritan. 


Then said Mr. Great-Heart to 

11 Beloved, thou doest faithfully 
whatsoever thou doest to the 
brethren, and thou shalt do well." 

Then Gaius took his leave of 
them all. 

Now Mr. Feeble-mind made as if 
he intended to linger, which, when 
Mr. Great-Heart espied, he said, 

"Come, Mr. Feeble-mind, pray 
do come along with us : I will be 
your conductor, and you shall 
fare as the rest." 

After some hesitation, for fear 
he should be a hindrance to the 
others on their way, Mr. Feeble- 
mind accepted this kind invita- 
tion, and made ready to start with 


Now, all this while they were 
at Graius's door ; and behold, Mr. 
Ready-to-halt came by, with his 
crutches in his hand, and he also 
was going on pilgrimage. 

Then said Mr. Feeble-mind to 
him, " Welcome, welcome, good 
Mr. Ready-to-halt; I hope thou 
and I may be some help to one 

" I shall be glad of thy com- 
pany," said the other; " and, 
good Mr. Feeble-mind, rather than 
we will part, since we are thus 
happily met, I will lend thee one 
of my crutches." 

Thus, therefore, they went on. 
Mr. Great-Heart and Mr. Honest 
went before, Christiana and her 
children next, and Mr. Feeble- 


mind came behind, with Mr; 
Ready-to-kalt on his crutches. 

Thus they went on, their guide 
and they talking of things profit- 
able, until they came to the place 
where Evangelist met Christian 
and Faithful, and told them what 
should befall them at Vanity Pair. 
This brought to their minds what 
was there suffered by them, and 
how they were sustained in their 
severe trials. 

Now they came within sight of 
the town of Vanity. So they con- 
sulted with one another how they 
should pass through it ; and some 
said one thing and some another. 

At last Mr. Great-Heart said, 

14 I have often been a conductor 
of pilgrims through this town. 


Now, I am acquainted with one 
Mr. Mnason, a native of Cyprus, 
an old disciple, at whose house 
we may lodge. If you think good, 
we will turn in there." 

At this they all said , ' ' Content. ' ' 
Now it was evening by the time 
they got to the outside of the 
town ; but Mr. Great-Heart knew 
the way to the old man's house. 
So thither they came ; and he 
called at the door, and the old 
man within knew his tongue as 
soon as ever he heard it ; so he 
opened the door, and they all 
came in. 

Then said Mnason their host, 
" How far have ye come to- 

So they said, 


II From the house of Gaius our 

II I promise you," said he, "you 
have gone a good stretch. You 
may well be weary; sit down." 
So they sat down. 

" I also," said Mr. Mnason, " do 
bid you welcome ; and whatever 
you want, do but say, and we 
will do what we can to get it for 

So he led them to their re- 
spective lodging-places, and also 
showed them a very fair dining- 
room, where when they were seat- 
ed, Mr. Honest asked his landlord 
if there was any store of good 
people in the town. 

Mnas. " We have but a few,com- 
pared with the other side." 


Hon. "But shall we not see 
some of them ?" 

Then Mr. Mnason stamped with 
his foot, and his daughter Grace 
came up. So he said unto her, 

" Grace, go you, tell my friends, 
Mr. Contrite, Mr. Holy-man, Mr. 
Love-saints, Mr. Dare-not-lie, and 
Mr. Penitent, that I have friends 
at my house who have a mind 
this evening to see them." 

So Grace went to call them, and 
after salutation made, they all sat 
down together at the table. 

They had much pleasant talk 
together, and were rejoiced to find 
Christiana, wife of Christian, the 
famous pilgrim, and her children 
with her, on their way to Mount 


Here the pilgrims heard of the 
present state of the town ; that 
persecution was not so hot at 
Vanity Fair as formerly ; and 
that, indeed, in some parts of it, 
for the town is very large, religion 
is counted honorable. 

Mr. Great-Heart also related 
what had befallen his company 
since they started on pilgrimage, 
and how they had gradually uni- 
ted themselves under his guid- 

Thus they sat talking and spend- 
ing the time until supper was set 
upon the table, unto which they 
went and refreshed their weary 
bodies : and then they went to 

Now they stayed in the Fair a 


great while, at the house of Mr. 
Mnason, who in process of time 
gave his daughter Grace unto 
Samuel, Christiana's son, to wife, 
and his daughter Martha to 

The pilgrims grew acquainted 
with many of the good people of 
the town, and did them what 
service they could, and Mercy, as 
she was wont, labored much for 
the poor. 

While they stayed here, there 
came a monster out of the wood, 
and slew many of the town. It 
would also carry away children, 
and teach them to suck its 

Now Mr. Great-Heart, with those 
who came to visit the pilgrims at 


Mr. Mnason's house, entered into 
a covenant to go and engage this 
beast, if perhaps they might de- 
liver the people from him. 

So they went forth with their 
weapons, to meet him. At first he 
was very rampant, and looked up- 
on them with disdain ; but they 
so belabored him, that they made 
him make a retreat : so they came 
home again to Mr. Mnason's 

This therefore, made Mr. Great- 
Heart and his fellows of great 
fame, and so on this account it was 
that the pilgrims got not much 
hurt here. 

Well, the time grew on that the 
pilgrims must go on their way, 
therefore they got ready. 


So Mr. Great-Heart went before ; 
the women and children, ffor the 
family had increased during their 
stay in the town,^) being weakly, 
were forced to go as they could ; 
thus Mr. Ready-to-halt and Mr. 
Feeble-mind had more to sym- 
pathize with their condition. 

So on they came to the place 
where Faithful was put to death. 
There they made a stand, and 
thanked Him that had enabled 
him to bear his cross so well. 

They went on therefore, after 
this, a good way further, talking 
of Christian and Faithful, and how 
Hopeful joined himself to Chris- 
tian after that Faithful was dead. 

Now they were come to the hill 
Lucre where the silver mine was, 


which took Demas off from his 
pilgrimage, and into which, as 
some think, By-ends fell ; so they 
considered that. But when they 
were come to the old monument, 
to wit, to the pillar of salt, that 
stood also within view of Sodom 
and its sulphurous lake, they 
marvelled, as did Christian before, 
that men should be so blinded as 
to turn aside here. 

I saw now, that they went on 
till they came to the river that 
was on this side of the Delectable 
Mountains ; where the meadows 
are green all the year long, and 
where also they might lie down 

By this river in the meadows, 
there were cotes and folds for 


sheep, a house built for the 
nourishing and bringing up of 
lambs, the babes of those women 
that go on pilgrimage. Also there 
was here one that was intrusted 
with them. 

Now, to the care of this man 
Christiana admonished her four 
daughters to commit their little 
ones, that by these waters they 
might be housed, harbored, suc- 
cored, and nourished. 

Then they went on to By-path 
meadow, to the stile over which 
Christian went with his fellow 
Hopeful, when they were taken 
by Giant Despair. Here they sat 
down, and consulted what was 
best to be done. 

After much talking, and because 


Mr. Great-Heart advised it, they 
resolved as they were strong to go 
and fight Giant Despair and de- 
stroy him if they could. 

So they left the women in the 
road with Mr. Feeble-mind, and 
Mr. Ready-to-halt, to be their 
guard until they came back. 

Then Mr. Great-Heart, old Hon- 
est, and the four young men, 
went up to Doubting Castle. 
When they came to the castle gate 
they knocked with unusual noise. 
At that the old giant comes down 
with Diffidence his wife. Then 
said lie, 

1 1 Who is it that is come to 
molest Giant Despair V 

Mr. Great-Heart replied, 

" It is I, Great-Heart, one of the 


King's conductors of pilgrims ; 
and I demand that thou open thy 
gates for my entrance : prepare 
thyself also to fight, for I am come 
to take away thy head, and to 
demolish Doubting Castle." 

Now Giant Despair thought no 
man could overcome him. So he 
harnessed himself, and went out. 
He had a cap of steel, a breastplate 
of fire, and iron shoes, with a 
great club in his hand. 

Then these six men made up to 
him, and beset him before and be- 
hind: also when Diffidence the 
giantess came up to help him, 
old Mr. Honest cut her down at 
one blow. 

Then they fought for their lives, 
and Giant Despair was brought 


Giant Despair slain. 


down to the ground ; but Great- 
Heart was his death, for he left 
him not till he had severed his 
head from his shoulders. 

Then they fell to demolishing 
Doubting Castle, and were seven 
days in destroying of it. 

In it they found one Mr Despon- 
dency, a pilgrim, almost starved 
to death, and his daughter Much- 
afraid. These two they saved 
alive. Many dead bodies lay here 
and there in the castle-yard, and 
the dungeon was full of dead men's 

So they took the head of the 
giant, and returned to their com- 
panions bringing along with them 
Mr. Despondency and his daugh- 
ter. Now, when Feeble-mind and 


Ready-to-halt saw that it was the 
head of Giant Despair indeed, they 
with the rest, were very jocund 
and merry. 

As for Mr. Despondency, he was 
for feeding, for he was almost 
starved. So Christiana gave him 
of her bottle, and then prepared 
him something to eat; and in a 
little time he began to be revived. 

Now Mr. Great-Heart took the 
head of Giant Despair, and set it 
upon a pole by the highway-side, 
over against the pillar that Chris- 
tian erected for a caution to pil- 
grims to take heed of entering 
into his grounds. 

Then they went forward, and 
went on till they came to the De- 
lectable Mountains. 


Now the shepherds seeing so 
great a train follow Mr. Great- 
Heart, for with him they were 
well acquainted, said unto him, 

"Good sir, you have got a 
goodly company here. You are 
welcome to us ; for we have food 
for the feeble, as well as for the 

So they led them to the palace 
door, and then said unto them, 

"Come in, Mr. Feeble-mind; 
come in, Mr. Ready-to-halt ; come 
in, Mr. Despondency, and Mrs. 
Much-afraid his daughter ;" — and 
to the others also welcome was 
again given. 

So the feeble and weak went in, 
and Mr. Great- Heart and the rest 
did follow, and they made them a 


feast of things that were pleasant 
and nourishing ; after which they 
went to rest. 

When morning was come, and 
they had refreshed themselves, 
the shepherds took them out into 
the fields, and showed them first 
what they had shown to Christian. 

Then they led them to some 
new places. The first was Mount 
Marvel, where they saw a man at 
a distance that tumbled the hills 
about with words. The shepherds 
told them, ' ' That man was the 
son of one Mr. Great-grace, and 
he is set there to teach pilgrims 
how to believe down, or to tum- 
ble Out of their ways, by faith, 
difficulties they should meet with, 


Then they led them to Mount 
Innocence. Here they saw a man 
in white ; and two men, Prejudice 
and Ill-will, continually casting 
dirt upon him. But the dirt 
would fall off again. 

Then said the shepherds, 

4 ' This is Grodly-man, and his 
garment is to show the innocency 
of his life. You see the dirt will 
not stick upon his clothes, so it 
shall be with him that liveth in- 
nocently in the world. ' ' 

Then they took them to Mount 
Charity, where was a man with a 
bundle of cloth before him, out of 
which he cut garments for the 
poor ; yet his bundle was never 
the less. 

1 'This is," said they, "to show 



that lie who has a heart to give 
of his labor to the poor, shall 
never want the means." 

They then led them where they 
saw one Fool, and one Want -wit, 
washing an Ethiopian, but the 
more they washed the blacker he 

So they told them, 

" Thus it is with the vile per- 
son ; to get such a one a good 
name, shall in conclusion tend 
but to make him more abomina- 

Then said Mercy to Christiana, 

• • Mother, I would, if it might 
be, see the hole in the hill, called 
the By-way to hell." So her mo- 
ther broke her mind to the shep- 


Then they went to the door, 
and bid Mercy hearken a while. 

So she hearkened, and heard 
great lamentations, with cursing 
and groaning. Then there was 
as if the very earth groaned and 
quaked for fear, so she looked 
white, and came trembling away. 

When the shepherds had shown 
them all these things, they took 
them back to the palace, and there 
entertained them. 

Now Mercy longed for a look- 
ing-glass that she saw there. This 
glass was one of a thousand. It 
would present a man, one way, 
with his own features ; and turn 
it but another way, and it would 
show one the very face and simili- 
tude of the Prince of pilgrims. 


Some have said they have seen 
the very crown of thorns upon 
His head by looking in that glass ; 
also the holes in his hands, his 
feet, and his side. 

Christiana therefore went to the 
shepherds, and said, ''There is 
one of my daughters that doth 
long for something she hath seen 
in this house." 

Then said one of them, whose 
name was Experience, 

"Call her, call her; she shall 
assuredly have what we can help 
her to." 

So they called her, and said, 

" Mercy, what is it that thou 
wouldst have ?" 

Then she blushed, and said, 

11 The great glass that hangs in 


the dining-room. So it was given 

Then she bowed her head, and 
gave thanks. 

They also gave to the others 
such things as they desired. About 
Christiana's neck they put a brace- 
let, and also about the necks of 
her four daughters. They put ear- 
rings in their ears, and jewels on 
their foreheads. 

When they were minded to go 
hence, the shepherds bade them go 
in peace, and they went on their 
way, grateful, and often singing 
as they travelled on. 

They quickly came to the place 
where Christian met with Turn- 
away, and soon after to the place 
where Little-Faith was robbed. 


Here stood a man with his sword 
drawn ,and his face all covered with 

Then said Mr. Great-Heart, 

" Who art thou?" 

The man made answer, saying, 

11 I am one Valiant-for-truth. I 
am a pilgrim, and am going to 
the Celestial City. As I was in 
my way, three men did beset me, 
named Wild-head, Inconsiderate, 
and Pragmatic. So we fell to it, 
for three hours. They have left 
upon me some marks of their 
valor, and have carried with them 
some of mine. They are but just 
now gone." 

Then said the guide, 

1 ' Why did you not cry for suc- 


Valiant, " So I did to my King, 
who could hear me, and afford in- 
visible help." 

Then after further talk, Mr. 
Great- Heart said, 

1 'Thou hast done well; thou 
hast resisted unto blood. Abide 
by us, come in, and go with us ; 
for we are thy companions." 

Then they washed his wounds, 
and gave him of what they had, 
to refresh him : and so they went 
on together. 

Now, as they went on, Mr. 
Great- Heart, for the pilgrims' pro- 
fit, questioned with him about 
many things. 

By this time they were got to 
the Enchanted Ground, This 
place was all grown over with 


briers and thorns, excepting where 
was an enchanted arbor, in which 
if a man sleeps, it is a question 
some say, whether ever he shall 
rise or wake again in this world. 

Over this forest, therefore, they 
went. Mr. Great-Heart went be- 
fore ; and Mr. Valiant-f or- truth 
came behind, being rear-gnard ; 
each man with his sword drawn 
in his hand. Also they cheered up 
one another as well as they could 

Now they had not gone far, but 
a great mist and darkness fell up- 
on them. Wherefore they were 
forced to feel one for another by 
words ; for they walked not by 
sight. The way also here was 
very wearisome, through dirt and 


Then they came to an arbor, 
promising much refreshing to the 
pilgrims. It had in it a soft 
couch ; but there was not one 
of them that made so much as a 
motion to stop. 

I saw then in my dream, that 
they went on till they came to a 
place where a man is apt to lose his 
way. But their guide had in his 
pocket a map of all the ways lead- 
ing to or from the Celestial City ; 
wherefore he struck alight and took 
a view of his book or map. And 
had he not been careful here to 
do so, they had all, in probability, 
been smothered ; for a little before 
them, was a pit, no one knows 
how deep, full of mud. 

Then they went on till they 


caine to where there was another 
arbor, and there lay two men, 
whose names were Heedless and 
Too-bold, fast asleep. 

So they called each by name, 
for the guide it seems, did know 
them ; but there was no answer. 
The guide also did shake them, 
but could not arouse them from 
their fatal slumber. 

Then the pilgrims, affrighted at 
their sad fate, desired with tremb- 
ling to go forward; only they 
prayed their guide to strike a 
light. So they went by the help 
of that the rest of the way. 

Now when they were almost at 
the end, they saw, as they 
thought, a man upon his knees, 
speaking earnestly to One that 


was above. When he had done, 
he got up, and began to run to- 
wards the Celestial City. 

Then Mr. Great-Heart called 
after him, saying, 

" Soho, friend, let us have 
your company, if you are going 
to the Celestial City." 

So he stopped, and as soon as 
Mr. Honest saw him, he said, "I 
know this man. His name is 
Standfast, a right good pilgrim." 

As they came up Standfast said 
to old Honest, 

" Ho, father Honest, are you 
there ? Right glad am I, to find 
you on this road." 

''And as glad am I," said the 
other; " I saw you on your knees." 
Then Mr. Standfast blushed. 


After further talk, Standfast 
told them that as he was coming 
along and musing, there was one 
in very pleasant attire, but old, 
who presented herself to him and 
sorely tempted him. Her name 
was Madam Bubble. She made 
offers again and again, and though 
repulsed still followed him. 

" Then," said he, "I betook me, 
as you saw, to my knees, and 
prayed to Him that had said he 
would help. So, just as you came 
up, she went her way." 

So their talk fell upon Madam 
Bubble and the mischiefs which 
she has brought about in the 
world. Mr. Great -Heart depicted 
her in her true colors, and at his 
discourse there was among the 


pilgrims a mixture of joy and 

After this, I beheld until they 
were come into the land of Beu- 
lah. Here they betook themselves 
a while to rest. But a little while 
soon refreshed them ; for the bells 
did so ring, and the trumpets so 
sound, that they could not sleep, 
yet they received as much re- 
freshing as if they had slept ever 
so soundly. 

In this place the children would 
go into the King's gardens, and 
gather nosegays for the pilgrims, 
and bring them to them. Here 
also grew camphire, with spike- 
nard and all sweet spices. With 
these the pilgrims' chambers were 


Now a post came from the Ce- 
lestial City to Christiana, bidding 
her within ten days to cross the 
river. So she sent for Mr. Great- 
Heart and told him about it. 

Then she called for her children 
and gave them her blessing, and 
bequeathed to the poor the little 
she had. She also sent for Mr. 
Valiant-for-truth, Mr. Honest, and 
the other companions of her pil- 
grimage, and gave them parting 
words of sweet counsel. 

Now the day came that she 
must be gone. So the road was 
full of people. But behold all 
the banks beyond the river were 
full of horses come down from 
above to go with her to the City 
gate. So she went over. 


A while after a post came for 
old Mr. Honest. His last words 
were, "Grace reigns!" So he 
left the world. 

After this Mr. Valiant-for-truth 
was summoned. So he passed 
over, and all the trumpets sound- 
ed for him on the other side. 

Then a note came for Mr. Ready- 
to-halt, and he went over. His 
last words were " Welcome life." 

After this Mr. Feeble- mind had 
tidings to go. So he entered the 
river, and his last words were, 
11 Hold out, faith and patience !" 

When many days had passed, 
Mr. Despondency was sent for ; 
and his daughter when she heard 
the message, said she would go 
with him. So they went down 


into the water together. His last 
words were, "Farewell, night; 
welcome day!" His daughter 
went through the river singing, 
hut none understood what she said. 

Then was Mr. Stand-fast sent 
for, so he went down into the 
water praising his Lord and King, 
until he ceased to he seen of them 
who stood hy him. 

As for Christiana's children, 
with their wives and children, I 
did not stay till they went over. 

Should it be my lot to go that 
way again, I may give those that 
desire it an account of what I here 
am silent about : meantime I bid 
my reader Farewell. 

Date Due 




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